The Geoglyphic Code


Francisco Maglione Nicholson, Ken Phungrasamee, David Grimason   


Unlike the great circle alignments of monuments, volcanoes and impact craters which can be scientifically tested and analyzed with a computer program, there are other aspects of the Nazca map-plateau that are more graphical in nature. Because these attributes are graphical and cannot be quantified, they are presented in this section not as proof, but in the spirit of cartographic intrigue and of supporting evidence. 

In the hypothesis presented in Part I, the geoglyphs served as indicators of rather broad regions of Earth—with one exception: the Okavango Inland River Delta. The Okavango Delta geoglyph (fig-9/Plate 1B) differs from the other geoglyphs identified in Part I because it does not represent fauna native to a region. The geoglyph specifically represents the topographic contour of a body of water. The age of the Nazca map is unknown, as is what the Okavango Delta looked like when it was charted. Yet the delta geoglpyph resembles the contoured drawing of surface features known in common modern maps. Whatever the age of the Nazca map might be, the Okavango delta geoglyph roughly “approximates” the contour of the delta as it appears today. 

Okavango Delta  w/ geoglyph (© Google / Graphics © Nazca Group)

If one now reconsiders the other geoglyphs on the plateau—even those of fauna—to investigate if they also approximate geology in their respective regions—one finds that many of them seem graphically associated with both topography and bathymetry. The geology represented by a geoglyph can be located on the Earth using as guides their general location on the map-plateau and their association with the Lines and their corresponding Great Circles on the 3-dimensional Earth, as shall be demonstrated.

As we did in the hypothesis, we begin with the figure of the Andean llamas and their “corral”. The llamas are graphically (cartographically) keyed to geology when the peculiar outline of their “corral” is associated with the peculiar linear topography of the Peruvian Andes and Peruvian coastline. The corral’s beaker shaped wester edge bears a close resemblance with the beaker shaped northwestern coastline of Peru. Llamas are unique to the Andean region, making the graphic association of their corral with the Peruvian Andes and coastline an even stronger identifying characteristic. The two amorphous figures within the “corral” are as yet unidentified, as are the two llamas themselves. 

Llamas and Corral geoglyph (© Nazca Group)
Peruvian Coastline w/ geoglyph (© Google / Graphics © Nazca Group)

  Peruvian Coastline w/ geoglyph (© Google / Graphics © Nazca Group)

Before continuing it may be pertinent to say: if one makes a perfect “boot”, one does not make a perfect Italy. The charters of the Nazca map-plateau had to draw geoglyphs that both represented something that belonged in a general region of Earth, while at the same time approximating geology. This is not an easy task. The next example demonstrates how the lines can be used to locate the geology represented by a geoglyph.  

The hummingbird geoglyph has the particularity of having the tip of its beak terminating “at” primary great circle C-A. Its general location on the map-plateau is northwest of the Amazon River radial center. If one tracks primary great circle A-C on the 3-Dimensional projection towards the northwest of the Amazon radial center, one finds that the hummingbird geoglyph seems to approximate the sharp bathymetry of an area south of Cuba and west of Jamaica, called the Cayman Trench. 

Hummingbird geoglyph w/ line C-A (© Nazca Group) 
Cayman Tench w/ geoglyph and great circles (© Google / Graphics © Nazca Group)
Cayman Trench Bathymetry zoom (© Google)
Cayman Trench Bathymetry w/ geoglyph zoom (© Google / Graphics © Nazca Group)

We continue with a geoglyph that was not identified and used in Part I. The geoglyph is traditionally called the “parrot”. Wether it is a parrot—or perhaps a type of ant—it is peculiar because it lacks an abdomen or a tail, and has a strange lobe protruding from the left side of its head. On the Nazca map-plateau the figures rear edge is in contact with line c-20, corresponding with green great circle c-20. Scanning along great circle c-20 one encounters the bathymetry of the Straights of Gibraltar, which bears a strong resemblance to the parrot geoglyph. 

Parrot geoglyph (© Nazca Group)
Parrot w/ Lines / Nazca Map-Plateau (©Nazca Group)
Straights of Gibraltar w/ great circles ( © Nazca Group) 
Gibraltar Bathymetry (© Google)
Gibraltar Bathymetry w/ Parrot geoglyph (© Google / Graphics © Nazca Group)

At the other end of the Mediterranean Sea we find the next likeness between a geoglyph and the surface of the Earth in the form of the Mediterranean Fish geoglyph (fig.12/Plate 1B) Like the parrot, this fish has a peculiar protrus ion emanating from its head, which mysteriously approximates the Eratosthenes Seamount south of Cyprus. The shape and orientation of the fish’s tail is seen geologically mirrored in the northeastern corner of the  Gulf of Alexandretta (Iskenderun) and its shallows.

Mediterranean Fish with Head geoglyph (© Nazca Group)
Cyprus Area Bathymetry w/ geoglyph (© Google / Graphics © Nazca Group)
Cyprus Area Bathymetry (© Google)

Now to the strange small geoglyph of a four legged animal that resembles an anteater (fig-19/Plate-1B) and which is shown upside down (in relation to North). The geoglyph touches line c-23 corresponding to great circle c-23 shown in the 3-D  projection.

Anteater geoglyph (© Nazca Group) 
Central Mediterranean w/ great circles (© Nazca Group)
Bathymetry southeast of Sicily and Malta (© Google) 

This bathymetric formation is of particular interest, as it correlates with a mysterious “phantom” island (Graham Hancock, Underworld) which shows up on a map by Ptolemy. An island that is not known to have existed in historical times. 

Map of Mediterranean by Ptolemy w/ Phantom Island — Underworld, Graham Hancock

The geoglyph of the person waving their arm, which we call the Patagonian (fig-14/Plate-1), approximates the bathymetry of the Scotia Plate and Scotia Arc, between Tierra del Fuego and Antarctica.  Thus far we have superimposed the geoglyphs over Google Earth spherical imagery. The Patagonian is shown below superimposed both on the spherical imagery and on a planar bathymetric projection. We will show the geoglyphs superimposed on both spherical and planar projections when possible. 

“Patagonian” geoglyph (© Nazca Group)
(NOAA Digital Atlas Bathymetry of the Scotia Arc, Public Domain)
Planar Bathymetry of the Scotia Arc, w/ Patagonian geoglyph (© NOAA Digital Atlas, Public Domain / Graphics ©   Nazca Group)
Bathymetry of the Scotia Arc, w/ Patagonian geoglyph (© Google / Graphics © Nazca Group)

Northward of the Patagonian geoglyph on the plateau is the Tamandua geoglyph (fig-6 on Plate-1B). The tamandua figure is hanging upside down relative to north, an orientation that makes sense according to the bathymetry of the Rio Grande Rise that is north of the Scotia Arc. 

Tamandua geoglyph (© Nazca Group)
Rio Grande Rise Bathymetry (© Google)
Rio Grande Rise Bathymetry w/ geoglyph (© Google / Graphics © Nazca Group)

Lastly we consider the geoglyph labeled fig-16, shown in the plate below and then isolated and rotated. With a little imagination the geoglyph appears to represent four or five lakes that spill their water into the polygon representing the Atlantic Ocean. The spillway must be the St. Lawrence River and the SPIRAL seen drawn north of the St. Lawrence River (fig-17), must be a representation of Manicouagan Impact Crater (circled in red in the satellite imagery). The Manicouagan impact crater is one of the most enigmatic impact craters on Earth and one which is clearly visible from space in the form of an enormous ring lake, Lake Manicouagan.

 Great Lakes-Atlantic Ocean Polygon/Nazca Map-Plateau (© Nazca Group)
Great Lakes geoglyph Isolated (© Nazca Group)
Great Lakes and Manicouagan Impact Crater (© Google / Graphics © Nazca Group)
Great Lakes and Manicouagan Impact Crater w/ geoglyph (© Google / Graphics © Nazca Group)
Lake Manicouagan Impact Crater (© Google)

More of the geoglyphic figures of the Nazca Map-Plateau and their corresponding geology will be added to this section in the near future…